The Right to Information Act of 2005 is one of the most revolutionary rights of our constitution. This act aims at legitimizing democracy by giving powers to the common man. The act facilitates transparent systems and eliminates bureaucracy. It makes the government and authorities answerable to the citizens of India by providing them with the desired information. From the past few years, there has been significant use of this right by the citizens of India for requesting the information and getting answers to their queries. The growing awareness of this act and its power to solve important issues prevailing in the society has significantly increased the usage of this act. A citizen needs to fill an RTI information form addressing to the concerned department – Pay RTI Fees online to request information from the government body. The government authorities are liable to address the query and provide the desired piece of information to the applicant within 30 days of the application. This abides by government authorities and regulatory bodies to address the application without any delays.
It facilitates community needs. However, there are some limitations and restrictions on the access to ensure the Right to Information Act is not misused. Right to information act helps you to take a well-thought, well-informed decision backed with adequate information for the reliable source.
Some of the challenges of the RTI Act in India:
Definitions: One of the greatest drawbacks of this act is missing definitions. This act does not define precisely what information one can seek. Some of the missing definitions are substantial financing: The absence of a clear definition of substantial financing and indirect financing has led to confusion at times and has also resulted in improper implementation by the authorities. Therefore, it is essential to clearly state what substantial financing means and how it differs from indirect financing. Similarly, this act fails to give a clear idea about what elements are covered under Public Interest”, ”Life “ and” ” Liberty”.
Lack of Provision to ensure obligation by the authorities: The act though it imposes certain obligations of public authorities such as maintain clear records, upkeep records, ensure dissemination of information about the functioning of the authorities and much more. However, there is no penalty clause mentioned in the act in case of the violation and delay by the public authorities. The act must have some penalty cause in it to strongly impose the act and make the authorities liable to timely address the grievances of the citizens.
Procedure: There is no clear mention of what is the procedure to appeal using the right to information act. The act only mentions the RTI information form that needs to be filled along with RTI Fees online. A clear mention about how the citizen can exercise its right to appeal, complaint or review petitions is absent in this act.
However, this act has brought a significant paradigm shift in democracy and has promoted the welfare of the citizen as well as transparency in the system. This revolutionary act should be exercised to its best to improve governance and promote accountability.